Indian Journal of Urology
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 186--191

The development and current status of minimally invasive surgery to manage urological complications after renal transplantation


Ravindra B Sabnis, Abhishek G Singh, Arvind P Ganpule, Jaspreet S Chhabra, Gopal R Tak, Jaimin H Shah 
 Department of Urology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravindra B Sabnis
Department of Urology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat
India

Introduction: In the past, urological complications after renal transplantation were associated with significant morbidity. With the development and application of endourological procedures, it is now possible to manage these cases with minimally invasive techniques. Materials and Methods: A MEDLINE search for articles published in English using key words for the management of urological complications after renal transplantation was undertaken. Forty articles were selected and reviewed. Results: The incidence of urological complications postrenal transplantation was reported to be 2–13%. Ureteric leaks occurred in up to 8.6%, and 55% were managed endourologically. The incidence of lymphocele was as high as 20%, and less that 12% of the cases required treatment. Ureteric stricture was the most common complication, and endourological management was successful in 50–70%. The occurrence of complicated vesicoureteral reflux was 4.5%, and 90% of low-grade reflux cases were successfully treated with deflux injections. Stones and obstructive voiding dysfunction occurred in about 1% of kidney transplant recipients. Conclusion: Minimally invasive techniques have a critical role in the management of urological complications after renal transplantation. Urinary leakage should be managed with complete decompression. Percutaneous drainage should be the first line of treatment for lymphocele that is symptomatic or causing ureteric obstruction. Laparoscopic lymphocele deroofing is successful in aspiration-resistant cases. Deflux is highly successful for the management of complicated low-grade kidney transplant reflux. The principles of stone management in a native solitary kidney are applied to the transplanted kidney. Early identification and treatment of bladder outlet obstruction after renal transplantation can prevent urinary leakage and obstructive uropathy.


How to cite this article:
Sabnis RB, Singh AG, Ganpule AP, Chhabra JS, Tak GR, Shah JH. The development and current status of minimally invasive surgery to manage urological complications after renal transplantation.Indian J Urol 2016;32:186-191


How to cite this URL:
Sabnis RB, Singh AG, Ganpule AP, Chhabra JS, Tak GR, Shah JH. The development and current status of minimally invasive surgery to manage urological complications after renal transplantation. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Sep 28 ];32:186-191
Available from: https://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2016;volume=32;issue=3;spage=186;epage=191;aulast=Sabnis;type=0