Year : 2016 | Volume
: 32 | Issue : 1 | Page : 21--26
Chronic orchialgia: Review of treatments old and new
Bayo Tojuola, Jeffrey Layman, Ibrahim Kartal, Ahmet Gudelogul, Jamin Brahmbhatt, Sijo Parekattil
Department of Urology, South Lake Hospital, Clermont, FL 34711, USA
Introduction: Chronic orchialgia is historically and currently a challenging disease to treat. It is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for physicians. Conservative therapy has served as the first line of treatment. For those who fail conservative therapy, surgical intervention may be required. We aim to provide a review of currently available surgical options and novel surgical treatment options.
Methods: A review of current literature was performed using PubMed. Literature discussing treatment options for chronic orchialgia were identified. The following search terms were used to identify literature that was relevant to this review: Chronic orchialgia, testicular pain, scrotal content pain, and microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord (MDSC).
Results: The incidence of chronic orchialgia has been increasing over time. In the USA, it affects up to 100,000 men per year due to varying etiologies. The etiology of chronic orchialgia can be a confounding problem. Conservative therapy should be viewed as the first line therapy. Studies have reported poor success rates. Current surgical options for those who fail conservative options include varicocelectomy, MDSC, epididymectomy, and orchiectomy. Novel treatment options include microcryoablation of the peri-spermatic cord, botox injection, and amniofix injection.
Conclusion: Chronic orchialgia has been and will continue to be a challenging disease to treat due to its multiple etiologies and variable treatment outcomes. Further studies are needed to better understand the problem. Treatment options for patients with chronic orchialgia are improving. Additional studies are warranted to better understand the long-term durability of this treatment options.
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|How to cite this article:|
Tojuola B, Layman J, Kartal I, Gudelogul A, Brahmbhatt J, Parekattil S. Chronic orchialgia: Review of treatments old and new.Indian J Urol 2016;32:21-26
|How to cite this URL:|
Tojuola B, Layman J, Kartal I, Gudelogul A, Brahmbhatt J, Parekattil S. Chronic orchialgia: Review of treatments old and new. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Oct 28 ];32:21-26
Available from: https://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2016;volume=32;issue=1;spage=21;epage=26;aulast=Tojuola;type=0