Indian Journal of Urology
: 2012  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 382--387

Exstrophy epispadias complex- Issues beyond the initial repair

Jai K Mahajan, Kattragadda L.N. Rao 
 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Institute- Advanced Paediatric centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jai K Mahajan
Department of Pediatric Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012

Despite advances in the management of exstrophy epispadias complex (EEC), the quality of life of these patients is far from good. The post-operative period is complicated by numerous and variable events - infection, dehiscence, upper tract dilatation with deterioration, fistulas, stone formation and incontinence to name a few of the major complications. Redo surgery for bladder closure, bladder neck reconstruction, epispadias repair and closure of fistulas are frequently required. The current focus is on limiting the frequency and morbidity of the reconstructive procedures. A successful initial closure and early satisfactory cosmetic and functional results are gratifying for the family and the health care team, but this is only the beginning of the lifelong care necessary for bladder exstrophy (BE) patients. In this article, the long-term outcome of various treatment options and the continent procedures in BE has been reviewed, tracing the journey of these patients into adolescence and adulthood.

How to cite this article:
Mahajan JK, Rao KL. Exstrophy epispadias complex- Issues beyond the initial repair.Indian J Urol 2012;28:382-387

How to cite this URL:
Mahajan JK, Rao KL. Exstrophy epispadias complex- Issues beyond the initial repair. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2021 Sep 28 ];28:382-387
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