Indian Journal of Urology
SYMPOSIUM
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 516--522

Epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis


Ajay P Sharma, Guido Filler 
 Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Center, London, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Ajay P Sharma
E6-121,WT, Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, Children«SQ»s Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 800, Commissioners Road East,London, Ontario, N6P1W2
Canada

Pediatric urolithiasis has increased globally in the last few decades. There has been a change in the pattern of stone composition with an increase in the frequency of kidney stones and a decrease in bladder stones. The role of familial predisposition and environmental factors in pediatric urolithiasis is now better understood. Metabolic factors are more common in pediatric urolithiasis than in adult stone disease. This review updates on the epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis with a focus on the changing trends in the stone disease, current spectrum of stone disease encountered in clinical practice, individual predisposition and the role of environmental factors in stone formation.


How to cite this article:
Sharma AP, Filler G. Epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis.Indian J Urol 2010;26:516-522


How to cite this URL:
Sharma AP, Filler G. Epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2010 [cited 2021 Jan 15 ];26:516-522
Available from: https://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2010;volume=26;issue=4;spage=516;epage=522;aulast=Sharma;type=0