Year : 2004 | Volume
: 20 | Issue : 2 | Page : 118--122
Giant hydronephrosis: What is the ideal treatment?
Shailesh A Shah, Prakash Ranka, Sharad Dodiya, Rajesh Jain, Gaurang Kadam
Department of Urology, Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Centre and Institute of Transplantation Sciences, BJ Medical College & Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, India
Objectives : To formulate a strategic approach for the treatment of giant hydronephrosis based upon anatomical and functional status of renal units in the individual patient.
Methods : We have treated ten cases of giant hydronephrosis between November 1997 and December 2002. Age of the patients was in the range of 14 to 42 years. Seven were males and 3 were females. IVU revealed non-visualized unit of the affected side in 9 patients. One patient had bilateral hydronephrosis with azotemia. Percutaneous nephrostomy was done in all patients as a primary procedure. The quantity of urine drained instantaneously was between 1.2 litres to 2.5 litres. Antegrade study and creatinine clearance of the affected unit was done in all. Four patients were subjected to nephrectomy. Two patients underwent reduction pyeloplasty with nephropexy and 1 patient underwent primary calycoureterostomy. In two patients primary Boari flap calycovesicostomy was performed and in one patient with obstructed megaureter ureteroneocystostomy with tapering was done.
Results : Two patients, in whom Boariflap ealycovesicostomy was done, have refluxing units. They have been advised double voiding. Follow-up IVU, in 6 patients who underwent reconstructive procedure, demonstrated reasonable function and optimal drainage. Follow-up range is 4 months to 5 years.
Conclusions: In very poorly fimctioning unit with gross infection nephrectomy is the procedure of choice. In salvageable unit, anatomical configuration should dictate the type of reconstructive procedure. In a moderately dilated extra renal system, reduction pyeloplasty with nephropexy is a reasonable option. The entirely intrarenal dilated collecting system is an ideal situation for calycoureterostomy. In patients with enormous calyceal dilatation Boari flap; cahvcovesicostomy ensures wide, patent, dependent drainage.
Shailesh A Shah
Kidneyline Health Care, 1st Floor Harikrupa Towers, Near Govt. Ladies Hostel, Behind Gujarat College, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad - 380 006
|How to cite this article:|
Shah SA, Ranka P, Dodiya S, Jain R, Kadam G. Giant hydronephrosis: What is the ideal treatment?.Indian J Urol 2004;20:118-122
|How to cite this URL:|
Shah SA, Ranka P, Dodiya S, Jain R, Kadam G. Giant hydronephrosis: What is the ideal treatment?. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2004 [cited 2021 Apr 16 ];20:118-122
Available from: https://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2004;volume=20;issue=2;spage=118;epage=122;aulast=Shah;type=0