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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-235

Management of large prostatic adenoma: Lasers versus bipolar transurethral resection of prostate

1 Department of Urology, Medanta Institute of Kidney and Urology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, Delhi, India
2 Department of Urology, Dr. RML Hospital and PGIMER, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rishi Nayyar
Department of Urology, RML Hospital and PGIMER, New Delhi - 110 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.117288

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Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) has long been the most commonly performed surgical procedure for the management of benign prostate enlargement (BPE), but has several associated limitations. Over the years, laser techniques have developed as major contenders as alternative therapies for BPE. However, simultaneously, TURP has also flourished and with relatively recent development of resection in saline (bipolar TURP), the tussle between laser techniques and TURP has further gained momentum. A systematic search was performed on Medline using the various Medical subject headings related to the surgical management of BPE including TURP, bipolar, lasers, holmium laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP), photo-selective vaporization of prostate (PVP), etc., All articles types including meta-analysis randomized controlled trials, review articles, guidelines from various urological associations, single center studies from 2002 onward were considered for review. Bipolar TURP, HoLEP, and PVP provide equivalent outcomes for large prostate adenoma (>60 g). For extremely large glands (>150 g), HoLEP is a very efficacious endoscopic alternative to open prostatectomy and has proven long-term results over more than a decade. Bipolar TURP and PVP are attractive with a minimal learning curves and equivalent short term durability. Surgical management of large prostate should be individualized based upon patient's comorbidities and surgeon's expertise.

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