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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-66

Penile tuberculosis following intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guérin immunotherapy

1 Department of Pathology, R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Urology, R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Anadi Roy Chowdhury
Department of Pathology, 10/2B, East Talbagan Road, P.O. Nonachandanpukur, Barrackpore - 700 122, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.109989

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Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an effective treatment for patients with superficial bladder cancer and bladder carcinoma in situ (CIS). It may cause side effects usually due to local and systemic inflammatory effects. We report a case of a male patient with non-invasive urothelial carcinoma of urinary bladder (Stage T1) who developed caseating granulomas on his glans penis as a complication of intravesical BCG immunotherapy. Though there are other reported cases of BCG dissemination noted in the literature, penile granuloma is rare. The first reported case was published in 1992 and since then only eleven cases are reported. It appears that both direct infectious processes and hypersensitivity reactions contribute to the clinical manifestations of a systemic BCG infection. Our case possibly represents a local infection of M bovis involving the glans penis.

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