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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-83

Pros and cons of radical cystectomy in the treatment of T1G3 bladder cancer

Department of Urology, the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Unit #1373, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ashish M Kamat
Department of Urology, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Unit 1373, Houston, TX 77030
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.35760

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The management of T1G3 (or high-grade T1) bladder cancer poses a challenging clinical dilemma to the urologist. There are good data supporting bladder conservative therapy with repeat transurethral resection and administration of Bacille Calmette-Guιrin (BCG) intravesical therapy but this must include maintenance regimens since only maintenance BCG has been shown to decrease tumor recurrence and progression. Concern over worse survival with a delay in definitive therapy has prompted many to recommend immediate cystectomy for T1G3 disease. Ultimately, the decision needs to be individualized and although certain pathologic factors (T1b disease, early recurrence or progression within three months of BCG therapy, lymphovascular invasion and variant histology) are prognostic of progressive disease, no definitive risk factors for tumor progression have been identified.

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