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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-59

Radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: A single center experience

Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Narmada P Gupta
Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.38604

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We present the outcomes of a large series of patients treated with radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of bladder. Materials and Methods: A total of 502 patients underwent radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer from 1992 till December 2006. Of these, 432 patients with primary transitional cell carcinoma of bladder underwent RC with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy with a curative intent. The clinical course, pathologic characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were evaluated in this group of patients. Results: The median follow-up was 62 months. There were 30 (6.9%) perioperative deaths and 111(25.7%) early complications. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OAS) were 66% and 62% at five years and 62% and 40% respectively at 10 years. The RFS and OAS were significantly related to the pathological stage and lymph node status with increasing pathological stage and lymph node positivity associated with higher rate of recurrence and worse OAS (P < 0.001) . A total of 145 patients (33.5%) developed bladder cancer recurrence. Of these, 40 (27.6%) developed local pelvic recurrence and 105 patients (72.4%) developed distant recurrence. The median time to local and distant recurrence was 12 and 16 months respectively. Conclusion: The clinical results reported from this large group of patients demonstrate that radical cystectomy provides good survival results for invasive bladder cancer patients with low incidence of pelvic recurrence.

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