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Figure 4: Right side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps continued. (a) Exposure and identification of early branching of renal artery behind the renal vein (RA, RV). (b) Clipping of renal artery. (c) Clipping of renal vein. (d) Clipping of ureter at the level of iliac vessels (U, CIA)

Figure 4: Right side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps continued. (a) Exposure and identification of early branching of renal artery behind the renal vein (RA, RV). (b) Clipping of renal artery. (c) Clipping of renal vein. (d) Clipping of ureter at the level of iliac vessels (U, CIA)