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Figure 2: Right side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps. (a) Peritoneal fold incision between liver and kidney. (b) Kocherization with dissection along lateral border of inferior vena cava to medialize the duodenum (D, IVC). (c) Lifting of ureterogonadal packet to identify psoas muscle with renal vein above (RV, P, GV). (d) Completed dissection on both lower and upper windows (LW, UW)

Figure 2: Right side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps. (a) Peritoneal fold incision between liver and kidney. (b) Kocherization with dissection along lateral border of inferior vena cava to medialize the duodenum (D, IVC). (c) Lifting of ureterogonadal packet to identify psoas muscle with renal vein above (RV, P, GV). (d) Completed dissection on both lower and upper windows (LW, UW)