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Figure 1: Left side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps. (a) Colon mobilization with separation of Gerotal fat from Colonic fat (GF, CF). (b) Dissection near superior pole in lienorenal ligament to visualize greater curvature of stomach and inferior phrenic vein (GCS, IPV). (c) Dissection and separation of splenic vessels and tail of pancreas (SV, TOP). (d) Lower window dissection on left side to lift ureterogonadal packet (U, GV)

Figure 1: Left side laparoscopic nephrectomy steps. (a) Colon mobilization with separation of Gerotal fat from Colonic fat (GF, CF). (b) Dissection near superior pole in lienorenal ligament to visualize greater curvature of stomach and inferior phrenic vein (GCS, IPV). (c) Dissection and separation of splenic vessels and tail of pancreas (SV, TOP). (d) Lower window dissection on left side to lift ureterogonadal packet (U, GV)