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Figure 3: Line diagram showing the abnormal course of the gonadal vein and its communication with the lumbar vein (a) inferior vena cava. (b) Aorta. (c) Kidney. (d) Gonadal vein. (e) Gonadal Artery. (f) Communication of gonadal vein with a periureteric vein. (g) Dilated periureteric vein. (h) Thrombosed gonadal vein. (i) Arterial communication with the dilated gonadal vein. (j) Lumbar vein. (k) Ureter

Figure 3: Line diagram showing the abnormal course of the gonadal vein and its communication with the lumbar vein (a) inferior vena cava. (b) Aorta. (c) Kidney. (d) Gonadal vein. (e) Gonadal Artery. (f) Communication of gonadal vein with a periureteric vein. (g) Dilated periureteric vein. (h) Thrombosed gonadal vein. (i) Arterial communication with the dilated gonadal vein. (j) Lumbar vein. (k) Ureter