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Figure 2: Left robotic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy port placement (4-arm approach): 1, 8-mm robotic arm port is placed between the base of the 12th rib and the edge of the paraspinous muscle. 2, 12-mm camera port; 3, 12-mm assistant port; 4, 8-mm robotic arm port; 5, 8-mm robotic arm port

Figure 2: Left robotic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy port placement (4-arm approach): 1, 8-mm robotic arm port is placed between the base of the 12th rib and the edge of the paraspinous muscle. 2, 12-mm camera port; 3, 12-mm assistant port; 4, 8-mm robotic arm port; 5, 8-mm robotic arm port