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Figure 1: Laparoscopic image of the left internal inguinal ring. (a) The right vas deferens and testicular vessels are seen entering the left internal inguinal ring along with the left vas deferens and testicular vessels. (b) Schema of the laparoscopic fi ndings: (1) left internal inguinal ring, (2) left spermatic vessels, (3) right spermatic vessels, (4) right vas deferens, (5) left vas deferens, and (6) left medial umbilical ligament.

Figure 1: Laparoscopic image of the left internal inguinal ring. (a) The right vas deferens and testicular vessels are seen entering the left internal inguinal ring along with the left vas deferens and testicular vessels. (b) Schema of the laparoscopic fi ndings: (1) left internal inguinal ring, (2) left spermatic vessels, (3) right spermatic vessels, (4) right vas deferens, (5) left vas deferens, and (6) left medial umbilical ligament.