Indian Journal of Urology
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6--12

Genitourinary sarcoidosis: An essential review for the practicing clinician


Norman L Block1, Bruce R Kava2 
1 Department of Pathology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
2 Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA

Correspondence Address:
Norman L Block
Department of Pathology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
USA

Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease that commonly involves the lungs, but may also present with extrapulmonary manifestations. Genitourinary (GU) tract involvement has been traditionally thought to be rare, but that view may underestimate the true prevalence of the disease due to the often, silent presentation thereof. Methods: The literature pertaining to sarcoidosis from the general systemic point of view, etiology and therapy and with regard to specific organs was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search. That material with special relevance to the Indian experience was emphasized. Results: There are a number of isolated case reports in the literature describing symptomatic and asymptomatic GU tract sarcoidosis. The world literature associated with the generalized syndrome was reviewed and summarized. Specific aspects of GU involvement are presented for each organ of the GU tract. Conclusions: It is critical for the practicing clinician to have a working knowledge of the clinical manifestations of this disease as it involves the GU tract, as well as to be able to distinguish it from tuberculosis and the various malignancies that affect this organ system.


How to cite this article:
Block NL, Kava BR. Genitourinary sarcoidosis: An essential review for the practicing clinician.Indian J Urol 2017;33:6-12


How to cite this URL:
Block NL, Kava BR. Genitourinary sarcoidosis: An essential review for the practicing clinician. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Jul 22 ];33:6-12
Available from: http://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2017;volume=33;issue=1;spage=6;epage=12;aulast=Block;type=0