Indian Journal of Urology
SYMPOSIUM
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 300--306

Robotic radical cystectomy and intracorporeal urinary diversion: The USC technique


Andre Luis de Castro Abreu, Sameer Chopra, Raed A Azhar, Andre K Berger, Gus Miranda, Jie Cai, Inderbir S Gill, Monish Aron, Mihir M Desai 
 Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA

Correspondence Address:
Mihir M Desai
441 Eastlake Avenue, Suite 7416, Los Angeles, CA 90089
USA

Introduction: Radical cystectomy is the gold-standard treatment for muscle-invasive and refractory nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer. We describe our technique for robotic radical cystectomy (RRC) and intracorporeal urinary diversion (ICUD), that replicates open surgical principles, and present our preliminary results. Materials and Methods: Specific descriptions for preoperative planning, surgical technique, and postoperative care are provided. Demographics, perioperative and 30-day complications data were collected prospectively and retrospectively analyzed. Learning curve trends were analyzed individually for ileal conduits (IC) and neobladders (NB). SAS ® Software Version 9.3 was used for statistical analyses with statistical significance set at P < 0.05. Results: Between July 2010 and September 2013, RRC and lymph node dissection with ICUD were performed in 103 consecutive patients (orthotopic NB=46, IC 57). All procedures were completed robotically replicating the open surgical principles. The learning curve trends showed a significant reduction in hospital stay for both IC (11 vs. 6-day, P < 0.01) and orthotopic NB (13 vs. 7.5-day, P < 0.01) when comparing the first third of the cohort with the rest of the group. Overall median (range) operative time and estimated blood loss was 7 h (4.8-13) and 200 mL (50-1200), respectively. Within 30-day postoperatively, complications occurred in 61 (59%) patients, with the majority being low grade (n = 43), and no patient died. Median (range) nodes yield was 36 (0-106) and 4 (3.9%) specimens had positive surgical margins. Conclusions: Robotic radical cystectomy with totally ICUD is safe and feasible. It can be performed using the established open surgical principles with encouraging perioperative outcomes.


How to cite this article:
Abreu AL, Chopra S, Azhar RA, Berger AK, Miranda G, Cai J, Gill IS, Aron M, Desai MM. Robotic radical cystectomy and intracorporeal urinary diversion: The USC technique.Indian J Urol 2014;30:300-306


How to cite this URL:
Abreu AL, Chopra S, Azhar RA, Berger AK, Miranda G, Cai J, Gill IS, Aron M, Desai MM. Robotic radical cystectomy and intracorporeal urinary diversion: The USC technique. Indian J Urol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Jul 13 ];30:300-306
Available from: http://www.indianjurol.com/article.asp?issn=0970-1591;year=2014;volume=30;issue=3;spage=300;epage=306;aulast=Abreu;type=0