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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 267-272

Dorsal onlay graft urethroplasty for female urethral stricture improves sexual function: Short-term results of a prospective study using vaginal graft


1 Department of Urology, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Urology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
3 Department of Urology, PGIMER and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Nikhil Khattar
Department of Urology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_134_19

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Introduction: Both dorsal and ventral approaches are acceptable options for the surgical reconstruction of female urethral strictures (FUS), but damage to the sphincter and the clitoral nerves resulting in sexual dysfunction is the chief argument against the dorsal approach. Most of the reported case series are retrospective and none has evaluated sexual functions. This study prospectively evaluates the early sexual and functional results after dorsal onlay vaginal graft urethroplasty (DVGU) for FUS. Materials and Methods: All women with a history of obstructive voiding symptoms and previous urethral dilatation were evaluated with urodynamic study, voiding cystourethrography, and cystoscopy for the presence of FUS, which was defined as visual demonstration of anatomical narrowing on urethro-cystoscopy. DVGU was offered as a definitive management for all those identified with FUS. Surgical outcomes were assessed at 3 and 6 months with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), uroflowmetry, and postvoid residual (PVR) estimation. For sexually active females, sexual function was assessed using the Female Sexual Function Inventory (FSFI) score both preoperatively and at 3 months following surgery. Results: Seventy-one women were evaluated. FUS was identified in 29 women (flimsy in 12 and dense in 17). Thirteen women with dense strictures underwent DVGU. The mean improvement in the IPSS score, Qmax, and PVR was 12.6, 16.64 ml/s, and 103.08 ml at 3 months, respectively. The FSFI score improved with a mean of 6.42 points after urethroplasty. None of the patients developed incontinence. There were three failures after a mean follow-up of 8.5 months. Conclusion: The early functional results after DVGU are good without any negative impact on the continence or the sexual functions.


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