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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-110

Advances in surgical management of muscle invasive bladder cancer


Department of Urology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence Address:
Janet Baack Kukreja
Department of Urology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.203416

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Introduction: Bladder cancer remains a disease of the elderly with relatively few advances that have improved survival over the last 20 years. Radical cystectomy (RC) has long remained the principal treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Methods: A literature search of PubMed was performed. The content was reviewed for continuity with the topic of surgical advances in MIBC. Articles and society guidelines were included in this review. Results: Despite the associated morbidity, even in the elderly, RC is still a reasonable option. Modifications during RC may have a positive or negative impact on survival and quality of life. The extent of pelvic lymph node dissection is one such factor which may positively impact survival outcomes. In addition, preservation of pelvic organs, robotic surgery and the adoption of enhanced recovery after surgery principles continues to improve the postoperative recovery and quality of life in RC patients. Conclusion: There are some ongoing studies in many of these areas, but overall the new advances in MIBC may improve patient quality and quantity of life. The advances in surgical treatment of MIBC are important and the focus of the review here.


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