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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 273-282

Biomarkers for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: Current tests and future promise


Department of Urology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Mark L Gonzalgo
Department of Urology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, 1120 NW 14th Street, CRB 1560, Miami - 33136, FL
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.166448

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The search continues for optimal markers that can be utilized to improve bladder cancer detection and to predict disease recurrence. Although no single marker has yet replaced the need to perform cystoscopy and urine cytology, many tests have been evaluated and are being developed. In the future, these promising markers may be incorporated into standard practice to address the challenge of screening in addition to long-term surveillance of patients who have or are at risk for developing bladder cancer.


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