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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 414-417

Correlation between differential renal function estimation using CT-based functional renal parenchymal volume and 99m Tc - DTPA renal scan


Department of Urology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Bhangagharh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Debanga Sarma
Department of Urology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Bhangagharh, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.105753

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Introduction and Objective: Nuclear renal scan is currently the gold standard imaging study to determine differential renal function. We propose helical CT as single modality for both the anatomical and functional evaluation of kidney with impaired function. In the present study renal parenchymal volume is measured and percent total renal volume is used as a surrogate marker for differential renal function. The objective of this study is to correlate between differential renal function estimation using CT-based renal parenchymal volume measurement with differential renal function estimation using 99m TC - DTPA renal scan. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients with unilateral obstructive uropathy were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. They were subjected to 99m Tc - DTPA renal scan and 64 slice helical CT scan which estimates the renal volume depending on the reconstruction of arterial phase images followed by volume rendering and percent renal volume was calculated. Percent renal volume was correlated with percent renal function, as determined by nuclear renal scan using Pearson coefficient. Results and Observation: A strong correlation is observed between percent renal volume and percent renal function in obstructed units (r = 0.828, P < 0.001) as well as in nonobstructed units (r = 0.827, P < 0.001). Conclusion: There is a strong correlation between percent renal volume determined by CT scan and percent renal function determined by 99m TC - DTPA renal scan both in obstructed and in normal units. CT-based percent renal volume can be used as a single radiological tests for both functional and anatomical assessment of impaired renal units.


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