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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-158

New paradigms of urinary tract infections: Implications for patient management


1 Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA
2 Division of Urology, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University School of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA
3 Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University School of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Sheryl S Justice
700 Children's Drive, W532, Columbus, OH 43205
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.98455

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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent one of the most commonly acquired diseases among the general population as well as hospital in-patients, yet remain difficult to effectively and consistently treat. High rates of recurrence, anatomic abnormalities, and functional disturbances of the urinary tract all contribute to the difficulty in management of these infections. However, recent advances reveal important molecular and genetic factors that contribute to bacterial invasion and persistence in the urinary tract, particularly for the most common causative agent, uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Recent studies using animal models of experimental UTIs have recently provided mechanistic insight into the clinical observations that question the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy in treatment. Ultimately, continuing research will be necessary to identify the best targets for effective treatment of this costly and widespread infectious disease.


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