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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 516-522

Epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis


Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Center, London, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Ajay P Sharma
E6-121,WT, Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 800, Commissioners Road East,London, Ontario, N6P1W2
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.74450

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Pediatric urolithiasis has increased globally in the last few decades. There has been a change in the pattern of stone composition with an increase in the frequency of kidney stones and a decrease in bladder stones. The role of familial predisposition and environmental factors in pediatric urolithiasis is now better understood. Metabolic factors are more common in pediatric urolithiasis than in adult stone disease. This review updates on the epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis with a focus on the changing trends in the stone disease, current spectrum of stone disease encountered in clinical practice, individual predisposition and the role of environmental factors in stone formation.


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