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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-45

Prognostic significance of focal neuroendocrine differentiation in prostate cancer: Cases with autopsy-verified cause of death


Department of Pathology and Clinical Cytology, Central Hospital, Falun, Sweden

Correspondence Address:
M Tarjan
Department of Pathology and Clinical Cytology, Central Hospital, Falun, S-791 82 Falun
Sweden
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.60442

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Aims : This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic significance of focal chromogranin A (cgA) expression in prostate cancer in a series of cases with autopsy-verified cause of death. Methods and Results : Seventy seven autopsy-verified cases of prostate cancer were identified, 41 cases with metastatic disease and 36 with nonmetastatic disease at autopsy. Immunohistochemical analysis for cgA was performed in 40 cases on the archived diagnostic biopsies taken during the patients' lifetime. After exclusion of a single case of carcinoid tumor, 14 of the 18 (78%) metastatic and none of the 21 (0%) nonmetastatic tumors showed focal neuroendocrine differentiation (NED). The Gleason score and focal cgA expression further increased the accuracy of the prediction of the outcome, as all the cases with focal NED associated with high Gleason score had metastatic disease in contrast to cases without cgA-expression and low Gleason score, all of which were non-metastatic. Conclusions : Focal NED seems to be a powerful negative prognostic parameter in prostate adenocarcinomas. The outcome of the disease in prostate cancer can be accurately predicted based on focal NED of the tumor cells either alone or in combination with Gleason score.


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