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EVIDENCE BASED UROLOGY
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 276-277

Prophylactic antibiotics in vesicoureteric reflux: Evidence-based analysis


Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Sajay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow-226 014, India

Correspondence Address:
M S Ansari
Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Sajay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow-226 014
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.52926

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Objectives: The aim of this review was to systematically examine the available evidence for the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics in cases of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). Materials and Methods: We searched the relevant data on medical management of VUR and the date of last search was June 2008. The search included both randomized controlled trials as well as the nonrandomized trials and the data sources were; MEDLINE, online peer reviewed journals, Cochrane database and abstracts from conference proceedings. Results: Barring few most of the studies published on medical management were nonrandomized. Besides being small in number many of these studies were of poor-quality and poorly designed eventually failing in giving a reliable answer in this regard. Few of the studies suggest that the children with low grade VUR might do well even without antibiotic prophylaxis. Conclusions : In the absence of properly designed, randomized controlled trials and long-term follow-up the question of antibiotic prophylaxis in cases of VUR remains unanswered in large part of it. Whether to give prophylactic antibiotics or not would ultimately need a shared decision-making involving both the treating physician and the parents assessing both the risks and the benefits.


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