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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 461-466

Emergency management of ureteral stones: Recent advances


1 Department of Urology, Santo Antonio General Hospital, Oporto, Portugal
2 Urology Clinic, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Luis Osorio
Dept of Urology, Santo Antonio General Hospital - Porto
Portugal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.44248

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Most ureteral stones can be observed with reasonable expectation of uneventful stone passage. When an active ureteral stone treatment is warranted, the best procedure to choose is dependent on several factors, besides stone size and location, including operators' experience, patients' preference, available equipment and related costs. Placement of double-J stent or nephrostomy tube represents the classical procedures performed in a renal colic due to acute ureteral obstruction when the conservative drug therapy does not resolve the symptoms. These maneuvers are usually followed by ureteroscopy or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, which currently represent the mainstay of treatment for ureteral stones. In this review paper a literature search was performed to identify reports dealing with emergency management of renal colic due to ureteral stones. The main aspects related to this debated issue are analyzed and the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment option are carefully discussed.


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