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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 210-218

The role of two-stage repair in modern hypospadiology


Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, England, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Aivar Bracka
Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, England
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.40618

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Hypospadias surgery continues to evolve. The enthusiasm for flap-based urethroplasty is waning and instead there is an increasing preference for urethroplasty that uses either the urethral plate alone or in combination with grafts. From the vast armamentarium of hypospadias repairs that are still in use, the author suggests a simple protocol of just three closely related procedures with which we can now repair almost all hypospadias. The tubularised incised plate (TIP) repair and the 'Snodgraft' modification of the TIP principle are simple and effective one-stage solutions when partial circumference urethroplasty is required. Conversely, the Bracka two-stage graft repair remains an ideal and versatile solution when a full circumference urethroplasty is required. It is particularly appropriate for severe primary hypospadias associated with a poor plate and marked chordee and also to replace a scarred, hairy or balanitis xerotica obliterans diseased urethra in re-operative salvage hypospadias.


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