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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 195-199

Utilization of urethral plate in hypospadias surgery


Department of Urology, Pediatric Urology Section, Children's Medical Center and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 2350 Stemmons Freeway Suite F4300 Dallas, Texas 75207, USA

Correspondence Address:
Warren T Snodgrass
Department of Urology, Pediatric Urology Section, Children's Medical Center and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6300 Harry Hines Boulevard, Suite 1401, Dallas, TX 75235
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.40615

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Purpose: Recognition the urethral plate comprises tissues that normally should have created the urethra was an important milestone in hypospadias surgery, giving rise to new operative repairs - most notably the tubularized incised plate technique. This article reviews the current state of the art for hypospadias repair using tubularized, incised plate (TIP). Materials and Methods: Personal experience and literature reports were reviewed to summarize use of TIP urethroplasty for distal, proximal, and re-operative hypospadias repairs. Results: The TIP can be used to correct all distal and most proximal hypospadias. The major contraindication is ventral curvature that leads to urethral plate transection for straightening, which is only necessary in some proximal cases. Reoperations can also be performed using TIP provided the urethral plate has been maintained and is not grossly scarred. Complication rates are comparable to previously used techniques, while cosmetic appearance after TIP is considered superior to other available procedures. Conclusions: Recognition of the urethral plate and its incorporation into the neourethra has revolutionized hypospadias repair. The most commonly used operative procedure today is TIP.


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