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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-42

Pathogenesis of prostate cancer and hormone refractory prostate cancer


CRUK Uro-oncolgy Group, Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, CB2 2XZ, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
D E Neal
Department of Oncology, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, P O Box 193, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB2 2QQ
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.30265

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Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy in males and the leading cause of cancer death. Prostate cancer is initially androgen dependent and relies upon the androgen receptor (AR) to mediate the effects of androgens. The AR is also the target for therapy using antiandrogens and LHRH analogues. However, all cancers eventually become androgen independent, often referred to as hormone refractory prostate cancer. The processes involved in this transformation are yet to be fully understood but research in this area has discovered numerous potential mechanisms including AR amplification, over-expression or mutation and alterations in the AR signaling pathway. This review of the recent literature examines the current knowledge and developments in the understanding of the molecular biology of prostate cancer and hormone refractory prostate cancer, summarizing the well characterized pathways involved as well as introducing new concepts that may offer future solutions to this difficult problem.


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