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Year : 1986  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-72

Seasonal variation in the occurrence of testicular torsion at Chandigarh, India.


Department of Urology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

Correspondence Address:
G C Malakindiah
Department of Urology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Retrospective analysis of patients operated upon for testicular torsion during 1979-84 by Hewitt rank sum criterion of seasonality showed an incraesed occurrence of testicular torsion during October to March (rank sum: 50.5; p less than 0.05). Cases of testicular tumors admitted during the same period served as the control group for analysis by Chi square test which revealed a significantly higher incidence of testicular torsion during the six month period of October to March (X2=9.914; df=1, p less than 0.05), thus providing evidence to the hypothesis that one cause of testicular torsion is contraction of cremaster muscle when subjected to a stimulus such as sudden cold. Study of the influence of environmental factors upon urological diseases is likely to provide valuable information regarding possible etiology, biological properties of disease and prognosis.


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